Most Common Types of Cancer in the Philippines
National Cancer Awareness Month is celebrated every February to spread cancer awareness in the country.
As defined by the Cancer Center , cancer, also known as "malignancy" is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. A normal human body produces new cells when the old cells have died. If these old cells grow out of control and continue forming new and abnormal cells, they may produce a mass of tissue known as "tumor."
Healthline states that there are two types of tumor: benign and malignant. Benign tumor is not cancerous, while malignant tumor, when neglected, can multiply uncontrollably, invade the surrounding tissue, and spread to various parts of the body. In the year 2018, Cancer is the second leading cause of mortality in the Philippines next to Ischemic Heart Disease, according to Philippine News Agency statistics. Among the over 100 types of cancer, here are the six most common cancer types in the country:
Breast Cancer is the leading cancer for women, but men can get one too. Despite its fatal nature, breast cancer is preventable and curable. To detect early signs of breast lump, it is recommended to self-examine your breasts constantly or undergo a mammogram procedure for a more accurate diagnosis.
Lung Cancer is the most common cancer among men in the Philippines. Smokers have a greater risk of developing this cancer type, but it can also be acquired by non-smokers (usually through genetic mutation and indoor pollution).
Liver Cancer is usually secondary. It means that the cancer started from another part of the body and has spread in the liver. Liver cancer that originates from the liver is known as primary liver cancer.
Cervical Cancer is a cancer that arises in the cervix of the uterus. It is the second-most common cancer among women usually caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is transferred through sexual intercourse. This cancer type can easily be detected with a Pap Smear test.
Colorectal Cancer or colon/rectal cancer starts when there is a growth on the inner lining of the uterus, or otherwise known as "polyps." The best screening test for this type of cancer is colonoscopy.
Prostate Cancer is a cancer that begins in the gland cells of the prostate, an organ found only in men. Older men have a greater chance of getting this cancer type.
If you are already diagnosed with any of these diseases, Z-Benefit Package is available here at Cabrini to assist you in your treatment. For more information, please contact us at (043) 778 4811 or visit us on the Mezzanine Floor of the Main Hospital Building.