Time heals all wounds, they say. But this isn`t always the case. According to National Center for Biotechnology Information, a wound is considered chronic if it does not heal completely in four to eight weeks.A fresh wound is usually red, irritated and swollen, whereas a chronic wound has the following distinctive symptoms
- No signs of healing such as scabs or tissues
- Pain around the wound that doesn’t improve
- Dark or blue color around the wound site
- Foul odor
- Discharge from the wound site
- Noticeable redness or swelling
If a wound does not heal within a month, the causes are usually one or more underlying conditions that need to be treated to allow the healing process to resume.
Here are four of the most frequent explanations why many wounds just won’t heal:
Your skin is your body’s first line of defense against infection. If it breaks, bacteria may enter the body through the open wound. Your wound’s healing process slows down because your body is busy fighting the infection, instead of healing the wound.
2. Poor Circulation
As per Johns Hopkins Medical School, blood is the most important component of the entire wound healing process . When an injury occurs, your body’s red blood cells carry new cells to the wound site to rebuild the tissue. Poor blood circulation can slow down the process making the wound take longer to heal.
Proper exercise and elevation of your wound are essential in improving circulation.
3. Poor Nutrition
The body needs an adequate supply of protein to build and repair body tissues. Proteins are the building blocks that help fight infection, balance body fluids, and carry oxygen through your body. If you have a non-healing wound, having a diet with enough calories, plenty of protein, and proper hydration can help shorten the healing process.
4. Repetitive Trauma
When a wound is subject to repetitive pressure such as bumping or rubbing against a surface, it is said to be undergoing repetitive trauma. It can lengthen or even stop the healing process due to slow down of blood circulation.
Continuous moving or repositioning can relieve the pressure and allow proper circulation in the wound site for the wound to heal.